Titan’s Lakes are Surprisingly Deep, Have Methane-Dominated Composition, Says Cassini Team

sci-news.com – Radar data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft have revealed that small lakes in the northern hemisphere of Saturn’s hazy moon Titan are surprisingly deep (approximately 330 feet, or 100 m), perched atop hills and filled with methane.

Source: S.P.D. Birch, et al. Raised Rims around Titan's Sharp-Edged Depressions. Geophysical Research Letters, 2018.

Titan’s Lakes are Surprisingly Deep, Have Methane-Dominated Composition, Says Cassini Team

sci-news.com – Radar data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft have revealed that small lakes in the northern hemisphere of Saturn’s hazy moon Titan are surprisingly deep (approximately 330 feet, or 100 m), perched atop hills and filled with methane.

Source: M. Mastrogiuseppe, et al. Deep and methane-rich lakes on Titan. Nature Astronomy, 2019.

Researchers outline how humans reduce uncertainty in social situations

eurekalert.org – A new perspective paper from Brown University scientists establishes a framework to apply rigorous mathematical models of uncertainty originally developed for non-social situations, such as whether or not to purchase a lottery ticket, to social scenarios such as determining an interviewer's opinion of an interviewee.

Source: Oriel FeldmanHall, Amitai Shenhav. Resolving uncertainty in a social world. Nature Human Behaviour, 2019.

DNA from medieval Crusader skeletons suggests surprising diversity

arstechnica.com – DNA suggests Crusaders intermarried with local people, and their sons also fought.

Source: Marc Haber, et al. A Transient Pulse of Genetic Admixture from the Crusaders in the Near East Identified from Ancient Genome Sequences. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 2019.

Homo luzonensis: New Species of Ancient Human Discovered

sci-news.com – An early human species with a unique mix of primitive (that is, Australopithecus-like) and derived (that is, Homo sapiens-like) morphological features lived in the Philippines approximately 50,000-70,000 years ago, an international team of paleoanthropologists has found.

Source: Florent Détroit, et al. A new species of Homo from the Late Pleistocene of the Philippines. Nature, 2019.

Researchers Resuscitate Pig Brains Hours After Death

discovermagazine.com – The brain was never alert and researchers did not restore consciousness, but the work could lead to new recovery treatments after heart attacks and strokes.

Source: Nita A. Farahany, Henry T. Greely, Charles M. Giattino. Part-revived pig brains raise slew of ethical quandaries. Nature, 2019.

Rare 'Bubble Boy Disease' Likely Cured with New Gene Therapy

livescience.com – Eight infants with a severe immune disorder, known as "bubble boy disease," appear to be cured of the disease thanks to an experimental gene therapy.

Source: Ewelina Mamcarz, et al. Lentiviral Gene Therapy Combined with Low-Dose Busulfan in Infants with SCID-X1. New England Journal of Medicine, 2019.

Meteor of Interstellar Origin May Have Slammed into Earth in 2014

sci-news.com – A meteor seen over the South Pacific, off the northern coast of Papua New Guinea, in 2014 likely came from interstellar space, according to new research from Harvard University.

Source: Amir Siraj, Abraham Loeb. Discovery of a Meteor of Interstellar Origin. arXiv, 2019.

Great White Sharks Are Terrified of Killer Whales, Study Finds

geek.com – Since the premiere of Jaws in movie theaters, the great white shark has been one of the most feared animals on the planet. However, the great white shark might not be the top …

Source: Salvador J. Jorgensen, et al. Killer whales redistribute white shark foraging pressure on seals. Scientific Reports, 2019.