the-scientist.com – An enzyme pulled from toxic bacteria can enter the organelle and perform single-nucleotide DNA swaps.
Source: Beverly Y. Mok, et al. A bacterial cytidine deaminase toxin enables CRISPR-free mitochondrial base editing. Nature, 2020.
eurekalert.org – Researchers reveal for the first time why bubbles are a good gauge of alcohol content in mezcal, a traditional Mexican spirit.
Source: G. Rage, et al. Bubbles determine the amount of alcohol in Mezcal. Scientific Reports, 2020.
zmescience.com – This could help to address biodiversity challenges.
Source: Stephen T. Garnett, et al. Principles for creating a single authoritative list of the world’s species. PLOS Biology, 2020.
nytimes.com – The recently discovered species covers coral in a thick layer and suffocates it. Scientists don’t know where it came from.
Source: Alison R. Sherwood, et al. Taxonomic determination of the cryptogenic red alga, Chondria tumulosa sp. nov., (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Hawai‘i, USA: A new species displaying invasive characteristics. PLOS ONE, 2020.
discovermagazine.com – In the early 1900s, Mary Mallon worked as a cook — and spread typhoid fever to the families she worked for.
Source: Enrico Lavezzo, et al. Suppression of a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in the Italian municipality of Vo’. Nature, 2020.
zmescience.com – Making an environmentally conscientious spending choice just got more difficult.
Source: Erik Meijaard, Jesse F. Abrams, Diego Juffe-Bignoli, Maria Voigt, Douglas Sheil. Coconut oil, conservation and the conscientious consumer. Current Biology, 2020.
techtimes.com – In their final moments, stars breathe life into the universe.
Source: Paola Marigo, et al. Carbon star formation as seen through the non-monotonic initial–final mass relation. Nature Astronomy, 2020.
businessinsider.com – A new study finds that puppies age more quickly than older dogs do, and that dogs' aging rate slows over time. So our dogs are older than we think.
Source: Tina Wang, et al. Quantitative Translation of Dog-to-Human Aging by Conserved Remodeling of the DNA Methylome. Cell Systems, 2020.
futurity.org – AI for self-driving cars may need fixes to deal with ethical gaps. Namely, what happens if people triy to use an automated vehicle to do something bad?
Source: Veljko Dubljević. Toward Implementing the ADC Model of Moral Judgment in Autonomous Vehicles. Science and Engineering Ethics, 2020.
upi.com – New simulations suggest Earth's magnetic field can change directions 10 times faster than previously thought.
Source: Christopher J. Davies, Catherine G. Constable. Rapid geomagnetic changes inferred from Earth observations and numerical simulations. Nature Communications, 2020.