With safety in mind, schools are getting their bands back together

npr.org – With students back at school this fall, classes sound almost normal — they just look a little different.

Source: Tehya Stockman, et al. Measurements and Simulations of Aerosol Released while Singing and Playing Wind Instruments. ACS Environmental Au, 2021.

Covid-19 news: Pfizer trial finds booster vaccine over 95% effective

newscientist.com – The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic

Source: Maxime Taquet, et al. Incidence, co-occurrence, and evolution of long-COVID features: A 6-month retrospective cohort study of 273,618 survivors of COVID-19. PLOS Medicine, 2021.

Why 'waning immunity' from COVID-19 vaccines isn't as bad as it sounds

cbc.ca – Canadians concerned over waning immunity from COVID-19 vaccines, breakthrough infections and the need for booster shots in the general public could benefit from a dose of some important context.

Source: Rishi R. Goel, et al. mRNA vaccines induce durable immune memory to SARS-CoV-2 and variants of concern. Science, 2021.

An Annoying Problem

rjlipton.wordpress.com – It’s the stupid questions that have some of the most surprising and interesting answers — Cory Doctorow ACM Turing Award source Robert Tarjan is well known to most—a Turing award …

Source: Heiko Dietrich, James B. Wilson. Polynomial-time isomorphism testing of groups of most finite orders. arXiv, 2021.

Study: Paris Climate Agreement targets require unprecedented fossil fuel use cuts

upi.com – Meeting the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement will require a drop in the use of coal and gas at a rate previously unseen by any large country, a new study has found.

Source: Historical precedents and feasibility of rapid coal and gas decline required for the 1.5°C target . One Earth, 2021.

Luxo, Jr. and Mystique inspire novel approaches to shapeshifting materials

arstechnica.com – Two new papers highlight promising methods for making shapeshifting structures.

Source: Gaurav Chaudhary, S. Ganga Prasath, Edward Soucy, L. Mahadevan. Totimorphic assemblies from neutrally stable units. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021.

Twitter’s research shows that its algorithm favors conservative views

theverge.com – Twitter doesn’t know what causes this issue

Source: Steve Rathje, Jay J. Van Bavel, Sander van der Linden. Out-group animosity drives engagement on social media. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021.

NIH study suggests people with rare diseases face significantly higher health care costs

nih.gov – Research provides new evidence of the potential impact of rare diseases on public health.

Source: Ainslie Tisdale, et al. The IDeaS initiative: pilot study to assess the impact of rare diseases on patients and healthcare systems. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 2021.

Victorian government used ‘low grade’ mask study to justify mandate, experts say

theguardian.com – Researcher ‘staggered’ that institutes used newspaper photos to assess mask use and effect on Covid rates

Source: Nick Scott, et al. The introduction of a mandatory mask policy was associated with significantly reduced COVID-19 cases in a major metropolitan city. PLOS ONE, 2021.

New Sulfur-Anchoring Technique Could Lead to Economical Hydrogen Fuel Cells

azom.com – Thanks to their high efficiency and environment-friendly features in the process of electricity generation, fuel cells are becoming increasingly popular for the manufacture of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs), such as buses, forklifts, automobiles, and airplanes. However, the expensive nature of manufacturing fuel cell catalysts impedes the mass-production and extensive application of FCVs.

Source: Cheng-Long Yang, et al. Sulfur-anchoring synthesis of platinum intermetallic nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells. Science, 2021.