newscientist.com – Plants have been hard hit by human activity over the past 250 years, with Hawaii alone losing 79 species. Other extinction hotspots include Brazil and Australia
Source: Aelys M. Humphreys, Rafaël Govaerts, Sarah Z. Ficinski, Eimear Nic Lughadha, Maria S. Vorontsova. Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2019.
livescience.com – The discovery of K2-18b is remarkable.
Source: Björn Benneke, et al. Water Vapor on the Habitable-Zone Exoplanet K2-18b. arXiv, 2019.
arstechnica.com – Rock core allows researchers to create an incredible timeline.
Source: Sean P. S. Gulick, et al. The first day of the Cenozoic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019.
nbcnews.com – The radio-emitting bubbles are near our galaxy's supermassive black hole.
Source: I. Heywood, et al. Inflation of 430-parsec bipolar radio bubbles in the Galactic Centre by an energetic event. Nature, 2019.
sci-news.com – A thermoelectric generator device developed by researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles and Stanford University harnesses the cold darkness of space without active heat input, generating electricity that powers LEDs at night.
Source: Aaswath P. Raman, Wei Li, Shanhui Fan. Generating Light from Darkness. Joule, 2019.
mit.edu – Made from carbon nanotubes, the new coating is 10 times darker than other very black materials.
Source: Kehang Cui, Brian L. Wardle. Breakdown of Native Oxide Enables Multifunctional, Free-Form Carbon Nanotube–Metal Hierarchical Architectures. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2019.
science20.com – A team of ecologists exposed Zonotrichia leucophrys (white-crowned sparrows) to the seed treatment known as imidacloprid (in the class of insecticides known as neonicotinoids) and say the measured weight mass declined in just a few hours, which led to the birds delaying migration.
Source: Margaret L. Eng, Bridget J. M. Stutchbury, Christy A. Morrissey. A neonicotinoid insecticide reduces fueling and delays migration in songbirds. Science, 2019.
sci-news.com – The electric eel (Electrophorus electricus) has long been assumed to be one species, but an international team of scientists has now discovered there are actually three separate ones.
Source: C. David de Santana, et al. Unexpected species diversity in electric eels with a description of the strongest living bioelectricity generator. Nature Communications, 2019.
sciam.com – Explosions on Titan, cometary visitors, a black hole merger, and water in an exoplanetary atmosphere
Source: Valerio Poggiali, et al. High-Resolution Topography of Titan Adapting the Delay/Doppler Algorithm to the Cassini RADAR Altimeter Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2019.
sciam.com – Enjoy and loop on
Source: R. Zufferey, et al. Consecutive aquatic jump-gliding with water-reactive fuel. Science Robotics, 2019.
sciam.com – Inactivating this protein in human cells and mice provided immunity to a range of viruses, but an effective treatment is still a long way off
Source: Jonathan Diep, et al. Enterovirus pathogenesis requires the host methyltransferase SETD3. Nature Microbiology, 2019.