Walnuts May Help Improve Central Blood Pressure in People at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

sci-news.com – In a new randomized, controlled trial, a team of researchers from the Pennsylvania State University and the University of Arizona examined the effects of replacing some of the saturated fats in participants’ diets with walnuts.

Source: Alyssa M. Tindall, et al. Replacing Saturated Fat With Walnuts or Vegetable Oils Improves Central Blood Pressure and Serum Lipids in Adults at Risk for Cardiovascular Disease: A Randomized Controlled‐Feeding Trial. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2019.

Army game-theory research better allocates military resources, fight cancer

eurekalert.org – US Army game-theory research using artificial intelligence may help treat cancer and other diseases, improve cybersecurity, deploy Soldiers and assets more efficiently and even win a poker game.

Source: Noam Brown, Tuomas Sandholm. Superhuman AI for multiplayer poker. Science, 2019.

Enigmatic Skull Found in Greece Suggests Early Homo sapiens Reached Europe 210,000 Years Ago

sci-news.com – A 210,000-year-old partial skull found in southern Greece about four decades ago has been identified as the earliest example of anatomically modern Homo sapiens discovered outside the African continent.

Source: Katerina Harvati, et al. Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia. Nature, 2019.

Thin Layer of ‘Frozen Smoke’ Could Sustain Life on Mars

geek.com – Earth is the only home we’ve got—for now. Scientists are working to turn Mars into “plan[et] B.” A team from Harvard University, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), and the University of Edinburgh have …

Source: R. Wordsworth, L. Kerber, C. Cockell. Enabling Martian habitability with silica aerogel via the solid-state greenhouse effect. Nature Astronomy, 2019.

Snowball the Dancing Cockatoo Has Upped His Game, Study Finds

discovermagazine.com – The bird learned new dance moves on his own, researchers find, a novelty in the animal world.

Source: R. Joanne Jao Keehn, John R. Iversen, Irena Schulz, Aniruddh D. Patel. Spontaneity and diversity of movement to music are not uniquely human. Current Biology, 2019.

Anorexia not just a psychiatric problem, scientists find

theguardian.com – Discovery of metabolic causes opens door to new treatments for dangerous eating disorder

Source: Christopher Hübel, et al. Genomics of body fat percentage may contribute to sex bias in anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 2018.

Fossil Friday: bird encased in amber has an unique, “extreme” toe

zmescience.com – The bird's hyper-elongated third toe is longer than its whole lower leg, the authors report.

Source: Lida Xing, et al. A New Enantiornithine Bird with Unusual Pedal Proportions Found in Amber. Current Biology, 2019.

Satellite imaging used to spot the largest seaweed bloom in the world

zmescience.com – The record-breaking belt of brown algae stretches from West Africa to the Gulf of Mexico.

Source: Mengqiu Wang, et al. The great Atlantic Sargassum belt. Science, 2019.

Ejected moons could help solve several astronomical puzzles

upi.com – Runaway moons could explain several astronomical mysteries, according to a new study.

Source: Mario Sucerquia, Jaime A. Alvarado-Montes, Jorge I. Zuluaga, Nicolás Cuello, Cristian Giuppone. Ploonets: formation, evolution, and detectability of tidally detached exomoons. arXiv, 2019.

This solar-powered device produces energy and cleans water at the same time

sciencenews.org – Someday, the two-for-one machine could help curb electricity and freshwater shortages.

Source: Wenbin Wang, et al. Simultaneous production of fresh water and electricity via multistage solar photovoltaic membrane distillation. Nature Communications, 2019.

Earth Has Room For 1 Trillion More Trees

the-scientist.com – Researchers who provide that estimate believe this is the best and cheapest way to combat global warming.

Source: Jean-Francois Bastin, et al. The global tree restoration potential. Science, 2019.