upi.com – The cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, a small saltwater fish, can recognize itself in the mirror.
Source: Masanori Kohda, et al. If a fish can pass the mark test, what are the implications for consciousness and self-awareness testing in animals?. PLOS Biology, 2019.
cbc.ca – Researchers say they've mimicked the voice of a 3,000-year-old Egyptian mummy by recreating much of its vocal tract using medical scanners, 3D printing and an electronic larynx.
Source: D. M. Howard, et al. Synthesis of a Vocal Sound from the 3,000 year old Mummy, Nesyamun ‘True of Voice’. Scientific Reports, 2020.
discovermagazine.com – The sacred belief that finely ground espresso beans are supreme doesn't hold up to scientific testing.
Source: Michael I. Cameron, et al. Systematically Improving Espresso: Insights from Mathematical Modeling and Experiment. Matter, 2020.
popularmechanics.com – Straight-up turned it into glass.
Source: Pierpaolo Petrone, et al. Heat-Induced Brain Vitrification from the Vesuvius Eruption in c.e. 79. New England Journal of Medicine, 2020.
wired.com – One paper advanced a controversial theory about the disease's origin. Other scientists aren't biting.
Source: Wei Ji, Wei Wang, Xiaofang Zhao, Junjie Zai, Xingguang Li. Homologous recombination within the spike glycoprotein of the newly identified coronavirus may boost cross‐species transmission from snake to human. Journal of Medical Virology, 2020.
sci-news.com – The 70 km-diameter Yarrabubba impact structure in Western Australia is approximately 2.23 billion years old, according to new research led by Curtin University scientists.
Source: Timmons M. Erickson, Christopher L. Kirkland, Nicholas E. Timms, Aaron J. Cavosie, Thomas M. Davison. Precise radiometric age establishes Yarrabubba, Western Australia, as Earth’s oldest recognised meteorite impact structure. Nature Communications, 2020.
sci-news.com – SN 2006gy, a superluminous supernova discovered in 2006, gained its exceptional brightness when a normal Type Ia explosion smashed into a dense shell of stellar material, according to new research led by Stockholm University astrophysicists.
Source: Anders Jerkstrand, Keiichi Maeda, Koji S. Kawabata. A type Ia supernova at the heart of superluminous transient SN 2006gy. Science, 2020.
upi.com – Scientists have successfully grown organoids composed of snake venom gland cells in the lab. The mini glands successfully produced the active toxins that compose snake venom.
Source: Yorick Post, et al. Snake Venom Gland Organoids. Cell, 2020.
popsci.com – From the 1930s to the 1970s, the Forest Service put out all fires on its lands, and state agencies followed suit in this fire suppression policy. But then, officials realized that extinguishing every ember had left mountains covered with leaf litter, twigs, and dense stands of trees—all of which enable fires to grow large and hot, clawing their way from the ground and into canopies. That’s why the officials in California and the West have been trying to return the forest to a more natural...
Source: Rebecca K. Miller, Christopher B. Field, Katharine J. Mach. Barriers and enablers for prescribed burns for wildfire management in California. Nature Sustainability, 2020.
nextbigfuture.com – Researchers at Cardiff University have discovered a new type of killer T-cell that offers hope of a “one-size-fits-all” cancer therapy. T-cells with the new TCR were shown, in the lab, to kill lung,... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
Source: Michael D. Crowther, et al. Genome-wide CRISPR–Cas9 screening reveals ubiquitous T cell cancer targeting via the monomorphic MHC class I-related protein MR1. Nature Immunology, 2020.
newscientist.com – A synthetic tube filled with a growth protein can span the gap between severed nerves, helping them to regenerate and restore gripping abilities in macaques
Source: Neil B. Fadia, et al. Long-gap peripheral nerve repair through sustained release of a neurotrophic factor in nonhuman primates. Science Translational Medicine, 2020.