Loggerhead sea turtles host diverse community of miniature organisms

eurekalert.org – An international team led by Florida State University researchers found that more than double the number of organisms than previously observed live on the shells of these oceanic reptiles, raising important questions about loggerhead sea turtle ecology and conservation.

Source: Jeroen Ingels, et al. Meiofauna Life on Loggerhead Sea Turtles-Diversely Structured Abundance and Biodiversity Hotspots That Challenge the Meiofauna Paradox. Diversity, 2020.

This Tiny Creature Survived 24,000 Years Frozen in Siberian Permafrost

nytimes.com – The microscopic animals were frozen when woolly mammoths still roamed the planet, but were restored as though no time had passed.

Source: Lyubov Shmakova, et al. A living bdelloid rotifer from 24,000-year-old Arctic permafrost. Current Biology, 2021.

Quantum Microscope to Soon Help Scientists See 'Impossible' Objects Under the Instrument in New Study

techtimes.com – Making the impossible, possible, with the help of quantum technology.

Source: Catxere A. Casacio, et al. Quantum-enhanced nonlinear microscopy. Nature, 2021.

How to make sense of the new findings on 'forever chemicals' in makeup

cbc.ca – People who wear cosmetics such as lipstick or mascara may be absorbing or licking up potentially harmful ingredients that last 'forever' in the environment, a new study suggests. Here's what you should know about PFAS.

Source: Heather D. Whitehead, et al. Fluorinated Compounds in North American Cosmetics. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 2021.

GPS-Wearing Eagle Aids Researchers in Turbulence Study

techtimes.com – A GPS-wearing golden eagle was used by researchers to learn more about turbulence and how it can help the aeronautic industry.

Source: Kasey M. Laurent, et al. Turbulence explains the accelerations of an eagle in natural flight. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021.

Sharks once nearly disappeared in an abrupt extinction event 'twice as extreme' as the one that killed the dinosaurs

businessinsider.com – By studying ancient shark scales collected 3 miles under the Pacific waves, experts found that the animals almost went extinct 19 million years ago.

Source: Elizabeth C. Sibert, Leah D. Rubin. An early Miocene extinction in pelagic sharks. Science, 2021.

Laughing gas has shown potential as a treatment for depression

newscientist.com – Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is used as a pain reliever and recreationally. Now a study has found that it reduces symptoms of depression for two weeks when inhaled for one hour

Source: Peter Nagele, et al. A phase 2 trial of inhaled nitrous oxide for treatment-resistant major depression. Science Translational Medicine, 2021.

Puppies’ ability to communicate with people is present almost from birth

arstechnica.com – We might one day be able to predict which puppies will make the best service dogs.

Source: Emily E. Bray, et al. Early-emerging and highly heritable sensitivity to human communication in dogs. Current Biology, 2021.

Texas A&M Researcher Investigates Carbonate Mineral Chemical Variations to Improve Oil Recovery

azom.com – Dr. Igor Ivanishin, a postdoctoral researcher in the Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University, has firsthand experience with the frustrations of oil production.

Source: Igor B. Ivanishin, Hisham A. Nasr-El-Din. Effect of calcium content on the dissolution rate of dolomites in HCl acid. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2021.

Complex social lives of orcas revealed by drone observations

newscientist.com – Killer whales tend to have close friendships with those of similar age and sex, scientists have discovered by filming them from drones

Source: Michael N. Weiss, et al. Age and sex influence social interactions, but not associations, within a killer whale pod. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2021.